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Efo (Spinach) Stew Recipe

The word efo means vegetable in Nigeria. Efo Stew, a very popular dish in the western part of Nigeria, is a stew with lots of green leafy vegetables.


Preparation time: 6 minutes

Cooking time: 5 minutes

Makes: 3 serving



  • 1 bunch fresh wild spinach
  • 4 tablespoons sunflower or olive oil
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 3 fresh tomatoes, sliced
  • 2 tatashes (red bell peppers), cored, deseeded, and thinly sliced
  • 2 fresh habañero peppers, thinly sliced
  • 500mL (2 cups) chicken stock or water
  • 2 teaspoons ground driedcrayfish or prawns (optional)
  • 1 stock cube
  • 1 teaspoon Ataro West African Seasoning Mix
  • Salt to taste



  1. Wash the spinach in slightly salted water. Cut it into strips and set it aside.
  2. In a large pot over medium heat, warm the oil for 1 minute. Add the onion and cook for 2 minutes, until the onion is softened and browned.
  3. Add the tomatoes, tatashes, and habañero peppers to the pot and cook, stirring occasionally to prevent sticking, for about 5 minutes. Add the chicken stock, crayfish, stock cube, Ataro West African Seasoning Mix to the pot and stir until well combined. Season with the salt and simmer for 5 minutes.
  4. Reduce the heat to low, add the spinach to the pot, and stir until well combined. Cook for 2 minutes. Remove from the heat.
  5. Transfer the stew to a serving bowl and serve hot.


Cook’s Tips

Easily turn this into a chicken or beef stew by replacing the spinach with cooked or grilled chicken or beef. You can also add Kale or Boerenkool along with the spinach.

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